Minggu, 23 Juni 2013

paper of conditional type 3

THE PAPER OF ENGLISH ASSIGMENT



                         “ CONDITIONAL TENSE TYPE III “


NAME :
AMALINA CHOIRUN NISA (C12026)
LITTA ANGKIN A (C12009)
IRFAN PUTRA BUDI A (C12036)
RIZKA NURI S



POLITEKNIK INDONUSA SURAKARTA
JL.KH.SAMANHUDI NO 31 MANGKUYUDAN

CONDITIONAL TYPE III

A.    Introduction
The third conditional (also called conditional type 3) is a structure used for talking about unreal situations in the past. This page will explain how the third conditional is formed, and when to use it. Conditional Sentences Type III refer to situations in the past. An action could have happened in the past if a certain condition had been fulfilled. Things were different then, however we just imagine, what would have happened if the situation had been fulfilled.
B.     Using the Third Conditional
The third conditional is used to talk about things which did not happen in the past. If your native language does not have a similar construction, you may find this a little strange, but it can be very useful. It is often used to express criticism or regret.
C.    FORMULA
'IF' CLAUSE
Had + past participle
MAIN CLAUSE
Would + have+ participle
If + past perfect
If it had rained
If you had worked harder
Perfect conditional
you would have got wet
you would have passed the exam.
*for perfect conditional:
Positive  Subject + Would + Past Participle
Negative  Subject + Would + Not + Past Participle
Interrogative Would + Subject + Past Participle
D.    NOTES
1.   If the “if” clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the “if” clause comes second, there is no need for a comma.
2.   Both would and had can be contracted to 'd, which can be confusing. Remember that you NEVER use would in the IF-clause, so in the example, "If I'd known" must be "If I had known", and "I'd have baked" must be "I would have baked..".
E.     EXAMPLE
1)           If I'd known you were in hospital, I would have visited you.
2)           If they'd had a better goalkeeper they wouldn't have lost the game.
3)           Would you have bought an elephant if you'd known how much they eat?
4)           If you had driven more carefully, you would not have had an accident.
Criticism: You had an accident because you didn't drive carefully enough
5)           If we had played a little better, we could have won the game.
Regret: We didn't play well, so we lost the game
6)           If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam.
7)           I probably would have passed the exam if I had studied harder

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